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In Nigeria, Poultry farming outputs are more expensive than most of other forms of meat because of the great health benefits of white meat. Many Doctors have recommended their patients to take more of white meat than red meat and this made starting a poultry farming a lucrative and formidable business to do in Nigeria with a population of more than 170 million.
I knew of a friend who just graduated from a government University and ventured into poultry farming in small scale production as he started with less money. He raised the chicken in their compound. He has his good chicken feeds techniques and when the chicken grown old, he will kill and froze it. He prefers to sell it as frozen and makes more money every time. Soon after he started, he begins to make more profit and expand his business to the surprise of every one, he bought private car for himself, bought two plots of land, build a bigger poultry house with some few equipments, employ few staff and also a small vehicle for conveying his poultry products. Now he is doing it in a bigger way and still has room for improvement. His story, resilience, determination and hard work made him a spotlight.
HOW TO START POULTRY FARMING BUSINESS IN NIGERIA
There are many poultry farm product one can start in Nigeria like snail chicken, turkey, duck etc but in this article, I will focus on Chicken poultry farming. Starting a chicken farming does not make you a farmer but more of a business person. In the chicken industry there are three main sectors:
This set of chickens are mainly raised to produce eggs and they starts laying eggs at the age of 11 weeks and within some time they will start laying eggs regularly and frequently. Layers lay more eggs in warmer season than in the cooler season so bringing on lights in your poultry facilities will make the temperature warm and suitable for them to lay eggs.
The set of Chickens are raised for meat production and they are suitable for consumption within the range of 6 weeks to 8 weeks of age. Though broilers have many breeds, I will recommend that if you want to buy your day old broiler always make sure that it is weighed above 36 grams. You have to provide them with much food as it will be converted to meat in their body system.
It is very strong chicken and varies with its colors. It is mainly raised for hatching of eggs to smaller chicken. They are resilient and withstand many forms of bad weathers.
THREE HOUSING METHODS OF RAISING A POULTRY FARM
1. BATTERY CAGE METHOD
This type of method is very common in Nigeria and other countries. It is made of metal cages and arranged in rows. It allows the excretion to drop down easily and very easy in collecting the eggs of the chicken. Food is provided in front of the chickens while water is set above the food.
2. THE DEEP LITTER SYSTEM
This one is also commonly used and widely accepted and involves raising up the chicken in floor which is covered with some material while some prefers to use Saw dust. It enables the chicken to exercise themselves and move around while they eat drink and lay eggs.
3. FURNISHED CAGE METHOD
This method is often used by some people who prefer to start their poultry farming in a very small scale type just like my friend started with. It involves constructing cage for the chickens which will house few chickens but with stages more chicks will fill up the area.
KEY THINGS TO NOTE IN HOUSING
- Please make sure that there good ventilation in your poultry farm.
- Make the place Clean to avoid any form of chicken disease of predator coming to eat chicken.
- Concentrate in the temperature so that it will remain warm rather than too much cold or too much hot for the birds.
- Make sure that there is enough space for the chickens tp walk around and don’t overcrowd your farm.